by Sarah B. Snyder

Journal Articles

Click on the article title to read the full piece, where available.

“Through the Looking Glass: The Helsinki Final Act and the 1976 Election for President”

Diplomacy and Statecraft 21:1 (March 2010): 87-106

Reprinted in The Cold War, ed. Steven Casey (Routledge, 2013)

“The CSCE and the Atlantic Alliance: Forging a New Consensus in Madrid”

Journal of Transatlantic Studies 8:1 (March 2010): 56-68

“‘Jerry, Don’t Go’: Domestic Opposition to the 1975 Helsinki Final Act”

Journal of American Studies 44:1 (February 2010): 67-81


Click on the chapter title to read the full piece, where available.

“Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy”

in Oxford Reference Encyclopedia (ORE) in American History, ed. Mark Lawrence, (Oxford University Press, 2016)

“‘No Crowing’: Reagan, Trust, and Human Rights”

in “Trust, but Verify”: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1971, ed. Reinhild Kreis, Martin Klimke, and Christian Ostermann, (Stanford University Press, 2016)

“The Rise of Human Rights During the Johnson Years”

in Beyond the Cold War: Lyndon Johnson and the New Global Challenges of the 1960s, ed. Francis J. Gavin and Mark Atwood Lawrence, (Oxford University Press, 2014)

“Principles Overwhelming Tanks: Human Rights and the End of the Cold War”

in The Human Rights Revolution: An International History, ed. Akira Iriye, Petra Goedde, and William Hitchcock, (Oxford University Press, 2011)

“The Defeat of Ernest Lefever’s Nomination: Keeping Human Rights on the United States Foreign Policy Agenda”

in Challenging US Foreign Policy: America and the World in the Long Twentieth Century, ed. Bevan Sewell and Scott Lucas, (Palgrave, 2011)

“‘Promising Everything Under the Sun’: Helsinki Activism and Human Rights in Eastern Europe”

in The ‘Establishment’ Responds: Power and Protest During and After the Cold War, ed. Kathrin Fahlenbrach, Martin Klimke and Joachim Scharloth, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

“The Rise of the Helsinki Network: ‘A Sort of Lifeline’ for Eastern Europe”

in Perforating the Iron Curtain: European Détente, Transatlantic Relations, and the Cold War, 1965-1985, ed. Odd Arne Westad and Poul Villaume, (Museum Tusculanum Press, 2009)

“The U.S., Western Europe, and the CSCE, 1972−1975”

in The Strained Alliance: U.S.-European Relations from Nixon to Carter, ed. Matthias Schulz and Thomas A. Schwartz, (Cambridge University Press, 2009)


Click on the essay title to read the full piece, where available.

“Human Rights in the Cold War”

in The Routledge International Handbook of the Cold War, ed. Artemy Kalinovsky and Craig Daigle, (Routledge, 2014)

“Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Relations: A Historiographical Review”

in Passport (Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations Newsletter, April 2013)

“Transnational Communities: A Global Legacy of the Cold War”

in Erbe des Kalten Krieges, ed. Bernd Greiner, et al., (Hamburger Edition, 2013)


Click on the title to read the full piece, where available.

Review of Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations

by Frank Costigliola and Michael J. Hogan; Journal of Cold War Studies, 19:3 (Summer 2017): 233-234

Review of The World Reimagined: Americans and Human Rights in the Twentieth Century

by Mark Philip Bradley; published by H-Diplo, September 7, 2017

Review of A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

by Daniel T. Sargent; for Journal of American History 102:3 (December 2015): 954

Review of Empowering Revolution: America, Poland, and the End of the Cold War

by Gregory F. Domber; published by H-Diplo, September 11, 2015

Review of The Breakthrough: Human Rights in the 1970s

Jan Eckel and Samuel Moyn, eds.; for International Studies Review 17:3 (September 2015): 460-2

Review of Reclaiming American Virtue: The Human Rights Revolution of the 1970s

by Barbara J. Keys; published by H-Diplo November 11, 2014

Review of “American Vernaculars: The United States and the Global Human Rights Imagination”

by Mark Philip Bradley; for Diplomatic History 38:1 (January 2014), published by H-Diplo July 25, 2014

Review of Human Rights and the Negotiation of American Power

by Glenn Mitoma; for American Historical Review 119:3 (2014): 927-928

Review of Visions of the End of the Cold War in Europe, 1945-1990

Frédéric Bozo, Marie-Pierre Rey, N. Piers Ludlow and Bernd Rother, eds.; for Cold War History 13:4 (November 2013): 570-571

Review of Globalizing Human Rights: Private Citizens, the Soviet Union, and the West

by Christian Peterson; published by H-Human Rights, February 15, 2012

Review of Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe, 1989

Svetlana Savranskaya, Thomas Blanton and Vladislav Zubok, eds.; for Journal of American Studies 46:4 (November 2012): doi: 10.1017/S0021875812001661

Review of “Institutionalizing Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy: U.S. Argentine Relations, 1976-1980”

by William Michael Schmidli; for Diplomatic History 35:2 (April 2011), published by H-Diplo May 27, 2011

Review of 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

by Mary Elise Sarotte; for Journal of Cold War Studies 13:1 (Winter 2011): 258-60

Review of “Special Forum: Reconsidering the Foreign Policy of the First Bush Administration, Twenty Years On”

Diplomatic History 34:1 (January 2010), published by H-Diplo on May 11, 2010

Review of Human Rights, Perestroika, and the End of the Cold War

by Anatoly Adamishin and Richard Schifter; published by H-Human Rights on March 13, 2010

Review of Americans at the Gate: The United States and Refugees During the Cold War

by Carl J. Bon Tempo; for Journal of American Studies 43:3 (December 2009): 566-7

Review of “Helsinki Myths: Setting the Record Straight on the Final Act of the CSCE, 1975”

by Richard Davy; for Cold War History 9:1 (February 2009), published by H-Diplo on May 27, 2009


Click on the title to read the full piece, where available.

The Trump Administration and Human Rights

WBUR’s On Point, July 17, 2017

Is the Trump administration abandoning human rights?

The Washington Post, July 2, 2017

“Four Key Times Presidential Nominees Failed to Gain Senate Confirmation”

The Conversation, January 10, 2017 (Reprinted in Newsweek, U.S. News and World Report, Huffington Post, Salon, Government Executive, and Business Insider, among others)

“An Activist’s Playbook: How to Influence Trump’s Cabinet and Policies”

The Conversation, December 6, 2016 (Reprinted in Huffington Post and Salon, among others)

Image credits

Top section background: Secretary of State George Shultz and United States Ambassador to the Madrid CSCE Review Meeting Max Kampelman discuss the negotiations in Madrid with President Ronald Reagan on July 13, 1983. Courtesy of the Ronald Reagan Library.

Journal Articles background: President Gerald R. Ford signs legislation creating the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe as Representative Millicent Fenwick and Senator Clifford Case, the bill’s sponsors, observe. Courtesy Gerald R. Ford Library.

Scholarly Chapters background: Jimmy Carter hosts a ceremony commemorating the 30th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. – NARA – 182626. via Wikimedia.

Scholarly Essays background: Soviet Union stamp, 15th anniversary of Universal Human Rights Declaration, end of colonialism; 1963, 6 kop., used, CPA No. 2963. via Wikimedia.

Authored Reviews background: Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg confers with Lyndon B. Johnson aboard Air Force One. LBJ Library Photo by Yoichi Okamoto.